Types of Addiction
Opioid and Opiate Addiction
Opioid and Opiate Addiction Treatment
Recovery from opiate addiction is possible, and GateHouse is ready to stand by your side. For individuals who are ready to overcome their opiate addiction, we offer a personal approach to treatment that is based on proved methodologies. We give you the tools needed to build a strong recovery by promoting personal responsibility and accountability. We are personally invested in our clients’ recovery process, and putting people first has always been the bedrock of our treatment philosophy.
GateHouse offers multitude of therapy options, giving opioid abusers more avenues to pursue recovery from opiate addiction. Common options to treat opioid/opiate abuse are:
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a therapy modality used by several licensed clinicians to help with the therapy process in clients suffering from addiction. The main idea in CBT is that thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are connected in a way that all influence one another. In turn, by modifying one such as feelings, you can then change your behaviors and thoughts that could be affecting you adversely.
At GateHouse Treatment, we offer not only individualized treatment plans, but “personalized medicine” with pharmacogenetics testing for our patients. We analyze which medications will react best with a patient’s genetic makeup. In turn those who originally became addicted to opiates from an injury can find a non-narcotic medication to help them manage their chronic pain.
If you or a loved one is suffering from opioid addiction, reach out to GateHouse Treatment today.
What is Opioid and Opiate Abuse?
Opiates and opioids are medications or drugs derived from opium, there is many legal and illicit substances that are considered opiates or opioids.
Opiate abuse and addiction can occur in anyone, most of those who are struggling with heroin addiction started abusing opioid medication at first. Opioids and opiates range from a Schedule III drug to a Schedule I drug. The higher the scheduling of the drug the higher potential of opioid abuse and opioid addiction. Even taking opioid medication prescribed by a doctor can still result in opiate addiction and opiate withdrawal in the patient. Anyone taking opioids in any form should be weaned off so they don’t experience the painful withdrawal.
History of Opioids and Opiate Abuse
In the last 50 years the heroin, opioid, and opiate crises have risen and fallen. Opiate and opioid abuse and addiction are once again at a peak and have been on a rise since 1996 when OxyContin first came onto the market by Purdue Pharma. Opiate prescriptions jumped by 11 million after Purdue Pharma released its promotional video for OxyContin. In 2010 the makers of OxyContin released “abuse-deterrent” factor in their pills making them more difficult to crush and abuse through snorting or injection.
The abuse of prescription opioids is a large cause of the substance abuse epidemic that we as a country are struggling with currently. In response to the staggering numbers of those facing opiate addiction, the efforts of opiate treatment centers and resources have also doubled their efforts to offer opioid rehab services.
Common Street Names for Opioids and Opiates
- Lean (Codeine)
- D’s (Dilaudid)
- Hillybilly Heroin
Physiology and Side Effects of Opioid and Opiate Abuse
Opioids act in the brain of users by increasing the amounts of dopamine the brain releases and endorphins which are chemicals that are naturally made in the brain. These chemicals have a depressant effect on the body, calming and reduction of pain. These chemicals are also associated with the pleasure and reward system of the brain. The brain learns to want to repeat actions that provoke feelings of pleasure, this is the start of how opioid addiction starts.
With the repeated use of opioids and opiates users’ tolerance get higher and more of the drug is required to achieve the desired effect. Common side effects of opioid/opiate abuse are:
- Feelings of euphoria
- Loss of Appetite
- Depressed Respirations
Understanding Opiate and Opioid Substance Abuse
When opioids are abused it gives the user feelings of euphoria, lack of pain and an overall relaxed feeling. With repeated use and abuse of opioids it causes users brains to require more of the opiates and the body becomes physically dependent on the chemicals caused by the high of the drugs. The mental and physical dependence on opioids can become crippling to those who abuse opiates. The withdrawal from opioids is extremely uncomfortable causing users to resort back to use to cope with the symptoms of withdrawal.
Ready to Make a Change?
- Opioid medications can be natural, semi-synthetic, and fully synthetic.
- More than 30% of overdoses involving opioids also involved benzodiazepines
- From 2012 – 2015 there was a 264% increase in synthetic opioid overdose deaths.
- Opioids are commonly prescribed for chronic pain.
- Opiate medications can be swallowed, smoked, snorted and, shot intravenously.
Signs of Abuse
Every person exhibits opioid abuse symptoms differently, some of the most common signs and symptoms of opiate abuse are:
Euphoric Moods, improved self-esteem, irritability, aloofness, forgetfulness, lowered motivation, depressed, lowered Inhibitions
Stealing, lying, change of social circles, extreme sedation, defensive actions about medications, nodding off at inappropriate times, intentional injuries resulting in opioid prescriptions, wearing long sleeves in warm weather (to hide track marks), purchasing prescription medications on the street
Constricted pupils, dry mouth, constipation, nosebleeds, irregular sleep schedule, slowed breathing, flushed skin, unexplained itchiness, bruises and track marks (from IV opiate abuse)