Types of Addiction​

Cocaine Addiction​

Cocaine Addiction Treatment

Recovery from cocaine addiction is possible, and GateHouse is ready to stand by your side. For individuals who are prepared to overcome their cocaine addiction, we offer a personal approach to treatment that is based on proven methodologies. We give you the tools needed to build a strong recovery by promoting personal responsibility and accountability. We are personally invested in our clients’ recovery process, and putting people first has always been the bedrock of our treatment philosophy. Reach out today, and find out how GateHouse can help.

How Can I Tell If I Need Cocaine Addiction Treatment?

Cocaine rehab is necessary for anyone finding themselves suffering from the consequences of using cocaine but unable to stop using. This is common for those with the disease of addiction. There is no medical use for cocaine and is classified as a Schedule II controlled substances, with highly addictive capabilities. They are bought illegally on the streets and can come with severe legal consequences, such as prison time for up to 20 years. Cocaine can be snorted, injected or smoked. It looks like a ground; white, crystal powder often sold in little zip-lock bags.

History of Cocaine

Over the decades, cocaine became popular for “medicinal use,” a theory supported by the medical community with the likes of Sigmund Freud. In 1886, John Pemberton put the coca leaves in his new drink, Coca-Cola. The euphoric and energizing effects popularized Coca-Cola in the early 1900’s. By 1912, there were a reported 5,000 cocaine-related deaths in one year, and thousands more visiting hospitals. It was in-turn banned in 1922.

We saw a re-emergence of cocaine in the 1970’s as a fashionable drug used by business people. Due to its ability to help people move quickly and stay awake for long hours.

By the 1980’s, crack cocaine was developed, a cheaper version of cocaine that produced a quicker high by smoking. The 80’s saw an expansive crack epidemic, making crack cocaine one of America’s most dangerous drugs, and by 2008 cocaine became the second most trafficked illegal drug in the world.

Physiology and Side Effects of Cocaine

Like many drugs, cocaine works by increasing dopamine levels in the brain. Cocaine causes an excessive build-up of dopamine and blocks the recycling process. The sudden increase in dopamine levels disrupts normal brain communications, and causes the user to feel the effects of a cocaine “high.” According to the National Institute of Drug Abuse, research shows that cocaine abuse is related to a disruption of higher thought and decision-making functions done in the brain.

  • Extreme euphoria
  • High energy levels
  • Hypersensitivity to sight, sound, touch
  • Irritability
  • Paranoia
  • Nausea
  • Dilated pupils
  • Increased heartbeat
  • Tremors and twitching
  • Higher body temperature
  • Higher blood pressure
  • Hallucinations

Common Street Names for Cocaine

  • Coke
  • Blow
  • Dust
  • Line
  • Rail
  • Powder
  • Bump

Physiology and Side Effects of Alcoholism and Alcohol Addiction

According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, alcohol acts in the brain by altering levels of neurotransmitters. Neurotransmitters are chemicals that transmit signals throughout the body, controlling thought process, behavior, and emotion. Alcohol increases the effects of the inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA (Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid). It also inhibits the excitatory chemical Glutamate by suppressing the stimulant chemical and raising the amount of an inhibitory compound and causing a physiological slowdown. Alcohol also increases the amount of dopamine in the brain’s reward center, which creates a pleasurable feeling when someone takes a drink of alcohol.

The more someone abuses alcohol, the more is required to have the desired effect they are used to achieving, meaning more alcohol consumption is needed. This creates alcohol dependence and increased consumption.

Understanding Cocaine Addiction

Since cocaine is a highly addictive drug and can create a physical dependency as well, quitting can be very difficult for the user. For those addicted to cocaine, over time they may build a tolerance to powder cocaine. At this point, some users switch to crack cocaine, which provides a more intense high.

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Quick Facts

  • Estimated 1.5 million current cocaine users
  • 913,000 met the criteria for dependence or abuse of cocaine
  • 505,224 emergency room visits involved cocaine
  • More than 100,000 babies are born addicted to Cocaine
  • Cocaine can cause permanent psychosis
  • The United States is #2 in the world for consuming

Signs of Cocaine Abuse

To understand if your loved one is suffering from a cocaine addiction, here are a list of signs and symptoms.


Tooth decay, damage to nasal cavity, lung damage, kidney and liver problems, track marks, loss of appetite, dilated pupils, seizures, trouble sleeping, rapid breathing


Euphoria, extremely confident, friendly, outgoing, mood swings


Neglected appearance, misuse of finances, difficulties with personal relationships, problems managing life, secretive behavior, erratic or impulsive behavior

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